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Symptoms and prevention of Pneumococcal disease

symptoms and prevention of pneumococcal diseases

Pneumococcal disease is caused by bacteria known as Streptococcus pneumoniae. These bacteria can cause ear infections, meningitis and many other types of sickness. To prevent your child from getting affected, you should vaccinate them. Here are some symptoms and prevention of pneumococcal disease.

Risk for children

Pneumococcal disease occurs in children when they are younger than 2 years or the child is in group child care or child who has certain illness or children with cochlear implants or cerebrospinal fluid leaks.

Risks for Adults

People at the age of 65 or above face this problem. People suffering from chronic illness, weak immune system, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, cigarette smokers and cochlear implants are also likely to get attacked by these bacteria.

Symptoms and prevention of Pneumococcal Disease

Pneumococcal pneumonia

It is lung infection and the symptoms include fever and chills, rapid breathing or difficult breathing, chest pain and cough. Older people might also experience low alertness or confusion.

Pneumococcal meningitis

It is an infection, covering the spinal cord and brain of the body. The symptoms include fever, stiff neck, confusion, headache and pain when looking into bright lights. Babies might also experience low alertness, vomiting and poor eating and drinking.

 Pneumococcal bacteremia and sepsis

It is a kind of blood infection. The symptoms of pneumococcal bacteremia and sepsis are chills, low alertness and fever.

How to prevent Pneumococcal diseases?

You can prevent pneumococcal disease through vaccination. It also protects you against 90 types of pneumococcal bacteria. The vaccination used is pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13 or Prevnar13). It provides protection against 3 types of bacteria which is harmful for children as well as adults. It also prevents ear infections. PCV13 is highly recommended for children at 2, 4, 6 and 12 through 15 months old.

The pneumococcal polyacrylamide vaccine (PPSV23 or Pneumovax23) protects you from 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria. This vaccine is recommended for adults of age 65 and above and also for kids of 2 years and older.

It is very important to get your child an influenza vaccination every year, which might increase the risk of pneumococcal disease.

Now you know the symptoms and prevention of pneumococcal disease. You should keep yourself healthy and fit by getting vaccination or medicines for this disease. But before that you should consult a doctor.